WHO Health Systems Library
Change to French interface versionChange to Spanish interface version
Drug Promotion - What We Know, What We Have Yet to Learn - Reviews of Materials in the WHO/HAI Database on Drug Promotion - EDM Research Series No. 032
(102 pages)

Table of Contents
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentExecutive summary
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsReview 1. What attitudes do professional and lay people have to promotion?
Open this folder and view contentsReview 2. What impact does pharmaceutical promotion have on attitudes and knowledge?
close this folderReview 3. What impact does pharmaceutical promotion have on behaviour?
View the document3.1 Impact of promotion on individual prescribing practices
View the document3.2 Self-reported reasons for prescribing changes
View the document3.3 Prescribing by those who rely on commercial information
View the document3.4 Prescribing and exposure to promotion
View the document3.5 Exploring the impact of samples on prescribing
View the documentSummary
View the document3.6 Impact of promotion on overall sales
View the document3.7 Impact of promotion and industry funding on requests for formulary additions
View the document3.8 DTCA and consumers’ decisions
View the document3.9 Impact of sponsorship on content of continuing medical education courses
View the document3.10 Impact of industry funding on research
View the document3.11 Does funding affect the research agenda?
View the document3.12 Do authors reveal funding sources?
View the documentSummary of conclusions
Open this folder and view contentsReview 4. What interventions have been tried to counter promotional activities, and with what results?
View the documentFinal conclusions
View the documentReferences

3.11 Does funding affect the research agenda?

Tallon, Chard and Dieppe177 report that of 930 controlled trials of treatment for osteoarthritis of the knee, 59% were drug trials, and 26% trials of surgery. They suggest that many of these address questions of little relevance to current management of the disease. They used focus groups and a postal survey to investigate the views and priorities of research consumers. They found that although groups wanted research into areas such as education, self-help, physiotherapy and exercise, most of the commercial funding was going into trials of drug therapy. Dieppe et al.182 present a subset of these data. In another study, Chard, Tallon and Dieppe183 show that research on oral drugs produced positive results more often than research on other interventions, and that commercially funded studies were more likely to show positive results than non commercially-funded studies.

CONCLUSION: Pharmaceutical company funding of research influences the topics studied and the outcome of research.

to previous section to next section
Last updated: May 4, 2012