Biblioteca de los Sistemas de Salud de la OMS
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Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Reports on Controlled Clinical Trials
(87 pages)

Índice de contenido
Ver el documentoAcknowledgements
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoIntroduction
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenido1. General considerations
cerrar esta carpeta2. Review of clinical trial reports
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenido2.1. Pain
Ver el documento2.2. Infections
Ver el documento2.3. Neurological disorders
Ver el documento2.4. Respiratory disorders
Ver el documento2.5. Digestive disorders
Ver el documento2.6. Blood disorders
Ver el documento2.7. Urogenital disorders
Ver el documento2.8. Gynaecological and obstetric disorders
Ver el documento2.9. Cardiovascular disorders
Ver el documento2.10. Psychiatric disorders and mental disturbances
Ver el documento2.11. Paediatric disorders
Ver el documento2.12. Disorders of the sense organs
Ver el documento2.13. Skin diseases
Ver el documento2.14. Cancers
Ver el documento2.15. Other reports
Ver el documento3. Diseases and disorders that can be treated with acupuncture
Ver el documento4. Summary table of controlled clinical trials
Ver el documentoReferences

2.12. Disorders of the sense organs

Deaf-mute children were once extensively treated with acupuncture in China, but no methodologically sound reports have ever shown that acupuncture therapy had any real effectiveness. A recent randomized controlled clinical trial on sudden-onset deafness in adults favoured acupuncture treatment (218).

Acupuncture might be useful in the treatment of Ménière disease for relieving symptoms and also for reducing the frequency of attacks. It seems to be more effective than conventional drug therapy (betahistine, nicotinic acid and vitamin B6) (219).

Tinnitus is often difficult to treat. Traditionally acupunture has been believed to be effective for treating tinnitus, but only two randomized controlled clinical trials are available-with inconsistent results (220, 221).

Unexplained earache that is neither primary (due to ear disease) nor secondary (as referred pain), is often regarded as a manifestation of psychogenic disturbances. Acupuncture has been shown to be effective in this kind of earache in a placebo-controlled trial (222).

Acupuncture might be helpful in the treatment of simple epistaxis unassociated with generalized or local disease, but only one report of a randomized controlled clinical trial is available. This report indicates that auricular acupuncture provides a more satisfactory effect than conventional haemostatic medication (223).

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Última actualización: le 4 mayo 2012