Biblioteca de los Sistemas de Salud de la OMS
Cambiar a la version en inglésCambiar a la version en francés
Acupuncture: Review and Analysis of Reports on Controlled Clinical Trials
(87 pages)

Índice de contenido
Ver el documentoAcknowledgements
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenidoIntroduction
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenido1. General considerations
cerrar esta carpeta2. Review of clinical trial reports
Abrir esta carpeta y ver su contenido2.1. Pain
Ver el documento2.2. Infections
Ver el documento2.3. Neurological disorders
Ver el documento2.4. Respiratory disorders
Ver el documento2.5. Digestive disorders
Ver el documento2.6. Blood disorders
Ver el documento2.7. Urogenital disorders
Ver el documento2.8. Gynaecological and obstetric disorders
Ver el documento2.9. Cardiovascular disorders
Ver el documento2.10. Psychiatric disorders and mental disturbances
Ver el documento2.11. Paediatric disorders
Ver el documento2.12. Disorders of the sense organs
Ver el documento2.13. Skin diseases
Ver el documento2.14. Cancers
Ver el documento2.15. Other reports
Ver el documento3. Diseases and disorders that can be treated with acupuncture
Ver el documento4. Summary table of controlled clinical trials
Ver el documentoReferences
 

2.4. Respiratory disorders

Acupuncture is often used in treating respiratory disorders. Allergic rhinitis is one of the major indications. In controlled studies, it has been shown that acupuncture is more effective than antihistamine drugs in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (111-115). Acupuncture’s lack of side-effects is a distinct advantage in treating this condition; however, its protective effect against allergen-provoked rhinitis has not been verified (116).

The acute symptoms of tonsillitis can be effectively relieved with acupuncture (117). Since there is no information about the incidence of complications secondary to tonsillitis treated with acupuncture, in clinical practice antibiotic therapy should still be considered the treatment of choice for acute tonsillitis. For sore throats from other causes, acupuncture treatment provides definite benefits, in contrast to a placebo and acupuncture refusal (118).

Although there are conflicting results from controlled trials in treating bronchial asthma with acupuncture, the majority of the reports suggest that acupuncture is effective (119-123) and that the effect is related to the points used (122). While bronchial asthma is not cured by acupuncture, it may be substantially relieved, at least for short periods of time. The success rates quoted in the literature are 60-70%. Acupuncture has a limited role in treating acute asthmatic attacks since it is a weak bronchodilator, but it may serve as a prophylactic measure over the long term. Controlled trials have shown that acupuncture brings about modest improvement in objective parameters, with significant subjective improvement (124). Prospective randomized single-blind studies of the effects of real and sham acupuncture on exercise-induced and metacholine-induced asthma revealed that real acupuncture provided better protection than did sham acupuncture (119), but it failed to modulate the bronchial hyperreactivity to histamine (125). Corticosteroid-dependent bronchial asthma may respond better to acupuncture treatment than other types: the required dosage of corticosteroids gradually decreases during the first weeks of acupuncture treatment (126). Acupuncture may also provide symptomatic improvement in the late stages of bronchial asthma, where there are complications of disabling breathlessness due to impaired lung function (127).

Ir a la sección anterior Ir a la siguiente sección
 
Última actualización: le 4 mayo 2012